Written by thillman
Wednesday, July 30, 2014 11:24 AM
SNbSBy Rosie Lerner
Visit the horticultural exhibits at the Indiana State Fair, Aug. 1-17. Bring your gardening questions to the Purdue Master
Gardener booth in the DuPont Food Pavilion.
HOME (Indoor plants and activities)
Take cuttings from plants such as impatiens,
coleus, geraniums and wax begonias to overwinter indoors. Root the
media such as moist vermiculite, perlite, peat moss or potting
soil, rather than water. Order spring-flowering bulbs for fall
planting. Cut flowers from the garden to bring a little color
indoors or dry for everlasting arrangements.
YARD (Lawns, woody ornamentals and fruits)
Check trees and shrubs that have been planted
in recent years for girdling damage by guy wires, burlap or ropes. Don't
woody plants now. It stimulates late growth that will not have
time to harden off properly before winter. Hand-prune and destroy
bagworms, fall webworms and tent caterpillars. Pears are best
ripened off the tree, so do not wait for the fruit to turn yellowish
on the tree. Harvest pears when color of fruit changes - usually
from a dark green to a lighter green - and when the fruit
is easily twisted and removed from the spur.
Prune out and destroy the raspberry and
blackberry canes that bore fruits this year. They will not produce fruit
year, but they may harbor insect and disease organisms. If weather
turns dry, keep newly established plants well watered.
New plants should receive 1 to 1.5 inches of water every week to
10 days. Begin seeding new lawns or bare spots in established
lawns in mid-August through mid-September.
GARDEN (Flowers, vegetables and small fruits)
Keep the garden well watered during dry
weather and free of weeds, insects and disease. Complete fall garden
planting by direct-seeding
carrots, beets, kohlrabi, kale and snap beans early this month.
Lettuce, spinach, radishes and green onions can be planted
later in August and early September. Don't forget to thin
seedlings to appropriate spacing as needed.
Harvest onions after the tops yellow and fall, then cure them in a warm, dry, well-ventilated area. The necks should be free
of moisture when fully cured in about a week's time. Harvest potatoes after the tops yellow and die. Potatoes also need to
be cured before storage. Pick beans, tomatoes, peppers and squash often to encourage further production.
Harvest watermelon when several factors
indicate ripeness - the underside ground spot turns from whitish to
the tendril closest to the melon turns brown and shrivels; the
rind loses its gloss and appears dull; and the melon produces
a dull thud, rather than a ringing sound when thumped.
Harvest sweet corn when kernels are plump and
ooze a milky juice when punctured with your fingernail. If the liquid is
you're too early; if the kernels are doughy, you're too late. Keep
faded flowers pinched off bedding plants to promote further
flowering and improve plant appearance. Spade or till soil for
fall bulb planting, and add a moderate amount of fertilizer.
For more information on this topic or any
other, please contact Jill Andrew-Richards, Purdue Cooperative Extension
ANR/4-H Youth Development, 812-438-3656 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Purdue University, Indiana Counties and U.S. Department of
Agriculture cooperating an Affirmative Action / Equal Opportunity
Written by thillman
Thursday, April 10, 2014 1:03 PM
Purdue Extension/Ohio County Health and Human Sciences Educator/4-H Youth Development
It is a proven fact that when kids are hungry,
they tend to not perform as well in school. According to the Health
Newsletter (Issue 12, Vol. 1, Winter 2014, Dairy Council of
California), eating breakfast can lead to higher academic achievement
and fewer behavioral problems in youth. With the increasing cost
of living and uncertain economic changes, it is sometimes
difficult to make a family’s food dollars stretch far enough so
that nutritious and adequate food can be provided at all times.
Knowing that this may be a problem for
families in our community, the City of Rising Sun, The Ohio County
Ohio County Elementary Middle School, the Ohio County Extension
Homemakers and Purdue Extension-Ohio County teamed up during
the 2012-2013 school year to provide “Backpacks with Healthy
Snacks” for 60 students at Ohio County Elementary Middle School
in order to supply a little extra nutrition to keep them growing
Flash forward to the 2013-2014 school year
where students at OCEMS were offered the “Backpacks with Healthy Snacks”
at the beginning of the school year and over 100 families are
being given food each week. Each bag consists of items that
correlate to USDA’s MyPlate along with recipe flyers that use one
of the food items within the bag, along with healthy living
tips for parents and an activity page for youth. The bags contain
items that are quick and easy for youth to prepare and require
little or minimal assistance from an adult. Some of the items that
students receive include instant oatmeal, tuna, green beans,
canned fruit, breakfast bars and macaroni and cheese.
When asked about the impact of the program at
OCEMS, School Nurse Jamie Works replied, “I've had nothing but positive
from the parents about this program. It has been really helpful
for our community.” Teacher Mary Jo Rowell quoted “Our daily
living class has really enjoyed delivering the bags each week. It
has been a great job skill for them and they have really
Mayor Branden Roeder says that the program exemplifies how multiple entities can collaborate together to achieve an overall
goal. This program is a great way to help local families out in troubled financial times. It has been great to observe the
excited children when they receive their bag of nutritious food.
This program takes a multitude of work from
many organizations and on behalf of Backpacks with Healthy Snacks a huge
you goes to the City of Rising Sun and the Ohio County Community
Foundation for financing the program, the City of Rising
Sun workers who help retrieve and unload the food shipments, the
Ohio County Extension Homemakers for packaging the food on
a weekly basis, the OCEMS Daily Living Students for handing out
the bags and Purdue Extension-Ohio County for creating the
informational flyers and healthy living information.
For more information on this topic or any
other, please contact Shannon Franklin, Purdue Cooperative Extension
Youth Development, 812-438-3656 or email@example.com Purdue
University, Indiana Counties and U.S. Department of Agriculture
cooperating an Affirmative Action / Equal Opportunity Institution.
Written by thillman
Thursday, April 03, 2014 10:43 AM
Democratic Candidate For Congress,Indiana 6Th District
March 15, 2013, during consideration of a bill to consolidate
job-training programs (H.R. 803), Rep. George Miller (D-Calif.)
offered an amendment that, among other things, would incrementally
increase the federal minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. Rep.
Luke Messer (R-IN) voted against this amendment. In January 2014,
Rep. Messer said that he was now open to considering a “two-tiered
increase” in the nation’s minimum wage, but still no vote has been
taken and Speaker Boehner has said he would rather commit
suicide than vote for a “clean” increase. It’s very clear that
that Mr. Messer and the Republican majority in the House of
Representatives will not buck their corporate masters on this
issue, but it's time to raise the minimum wage.Â
In 2007, the federal minimum wage was
increased by $2.10 to the current $7.25 an hour. The minimum wage hasn't
even come close
to keeping up with inflation over the past 40 years. Sadly, 40
percent of Americans make less today than 1968?s minimum wage,
as measured in today’s dollars and if the minimum wage had risen
in step with productivity growth since 1968, it would be
over $18 an hour today.Â
The United States had no minimum wage until
1938, when Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) as part
New Deal. Before then, employers could pay workers whatever they
wanted, and they usually wanted to pay very little. Between
1912 and 1920, 13 states plus the District of Columbia passed
minimum wage laws, only to have them struck down by the U. S.
Supreme Court because they were “unfair” to workers as it kept
them from making low-ball offers. In 1933, congress passed
a law that mandated a .25 per hour minimum hourly wage, only to
have it struck as well in 1935 (Schechter Poultry Corp. v.
In 1938, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt,
had to fight Republicans, conservative Democrats, the Supreme Court and
leaders to pass a lasting minimum wage law. In doing so, He warned
“Do not let any calamity-howling executive with an income
of $1,000 a day, who has been turning his employees over to the
Government relief rolls in order to preserve his company’s
undistributed reserves, tell you – using his stockholders’ money
to pay the postage for his personal opinions - tell you that
a wage of $11 a week is going to have a disastrous effect on all
American industry.”(1938, Fireside Chat, the night before
signing the Fair Labor Standards Act that instituted the federal
Studies from both conservative and liberal
think tanks have recommended raising the minimum wage, and Australia has
results from raising theirs but opponents continue to promote two
ideas that are antithetical to the economic well-being of
American workers. The first idea being that the minimum wage hurts
the economy by reducing job creation. The second being
that the minimum wage reduces the opportunity for social mobility.
These views are being promoted by Billionaire Charles Koch,
who believes that the U.S. actually needs to get rid of the
minimum wage altogether, which he considers a major obstacle to
But this isn't what we have learned from the
example set in Australia and its more than $16 an hour minimum wage
the only major world economy to avoid the 2009 global recession.
Australia also ranks ahead of the United States and its $7.25
an hour minimum wage in terms of social mobility and the
opportunity for individuals to climb the social ladder. The United
States came in 10th, far below countries like Denmark, which
ranked first, Norway, Finland, Canada, Sweden, Germany, Spain
and France. Australia also had no recession like the U.S. and
there was not a single quarter in which GDP declined in Australia.Â
While raising the minimum wage is ultimately
no cure-all for the economy, countries like Australia show that
workers a living wage will not result in economic Armageddon.
Instead, it highlights how conservatives often revert to scapegoating
low-wage workers for America’s economic woes. In the U.S.,
economic inequality has grown rapidly, and the lagging minimum
wage is in large part to blame. Some states have moved to address
the growing gap between what people earn and the rising
cost of living, but nationally the minimum wage has barely moved
In a robust economy, the minimum wage really
doesn't mean anything since the demand for labor is high and the market
will likely exceed the minimum amount set by the government.
However when the economy is in a recessionary or stagnant mode,
the minimum wage is an important tool in maintaining the crucial
relationship between labor and capital. In essence, it becomes
a “buyer’s market” for labor and allows market forces to keep the
value of labor artificially low.Â
The Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2013 would raise
the federal minimum wage to $10.10 per hour over two-and-a-half years,
steps of 95 cents each. It will also adjust the minimum wage
annually to keep pace with the rising cost of living - a key
policy reform known as “indexing,” which 11 states are already
using to prevent the minimum wage from falling in value each
year and finally it will raise the minimum wage for tipped workers
- which has been frozen at a meager $2.13 per hour for
more than twenty years - to 70 percent of the full minimum wage.Â
An increase does not cost jobs. Research
indicates that the higher cost of hiring someone is offset by the
stability an employer
gets out of it - better paid workers quit less. It would reduce
income inequality. Two different studies have shown that raising
the minimum wage will help raise the incomes of poor people.
Finally It could help the economy. People who make less money
tend to spend a bigger portion of it. A 2011 study by the Federal
Reserve of Chicago found that for every $1 increase in the
minimum wage, the worker's household spends about $2,800 more a
year. The Economic Policy Institute has said that raising
the minimum wage to just $9.40 by 2014 would increase gross
domestic product by $25 billion and create 100,000 new jobs.
The typical minimum wage worker today isn't a
teenager but an adult who brings home at least half of the family's
We must recognize the value of work and reward it. Restoring the
minimum wage as a “living wage” not only helps these hard-working
Americans raise their standard of living, but it shifts the costs
of public assistance from the taxpayers. No one who works
full-time in this country should have to live in poverty. It's
time to raise the minimum wage.
Written by thillman
Wednesday, March 26, 2014 9:29 AM
Growing your own garden transplants from seed may take some extra work, but it does have its advantages.
Â You'll have a much wider choice of species
and cultivars since most garden centers have limited space and tend to
the plants that sell quickly. Rather than having to buy a dozen of
one type of tomato when you only need one or two, you can
grow just the amount of each plant you need. Or you can grow five
flats of flowers all in the same color for that border garden
you've been planning.Â
On the other hand, growing plants from seed
does present some challenges, including finding enough space with the
environment for healthy plants. They'll need bright light, high
humidity, warm - but not hot - temperature and good air circulation.
If your space for plant production is limited, plan on buying the
more commonly found plants from the garden center, and save
the home production space for the special, hard-to-find items you
can only obtain as seed.
Start with high-quality, fresh seed; look for
the freshness date on the packet. Almost any container can be used for
as long as it is clean and allows excess water to drain out the
bottom. Use a fine-textured, well-drained media, such as a
peat moss-vermiculite mixture. Seeds need high relative humidity
for good germination, so place a plastic bag around the container
until seedlings are up and growing. Too much humidity also can be a
problem, so poke a few holes in the plastic to allow ventilation.Â
Be sure to check your seedlings frequently for
moisture needs. The planting media should be kept reasonably moist
the germination period. Water gently to avoid physically damaging
the tender seedlings. Once plants are up and growing, allow
the media to dry slightly between waterings.
Most home growers get into trouble after the seeds come up by not supplying the plants with enough light. Low light causes
plants to become spindly and weak, so place them in as sunny a location as possible. Use artificial lights, if necessary.
Proper timing is crucial if you want the
transplant to be the right size at planting time. Seeds of tomatoes,
eggplant should be started about seven weeks before your outdoor
planting date. Pumpkins, melons and squash should be started
about four weeks before planting outdoors. Flower seeds will need
anywhere from four to 14 weeks, depending on the species.
Most seed packets have this type of information on the back.
For more information, see Purdue Extension Bulletin HO-14, Starting Seeds Indoors.